Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco
Anais. Instituto Superior de Agronomia 19: 11-12. 1952.
Norfolk Island Pine Araucaria heterophylla
Norfolk's majestic pine is perhaps the island's most prominent and best known symbol. Pines as tall as 57m with an 11m circumference have been recorded. One of the largest remaining trees can be seen at Hollow Pine in the National Park. Captain Cook thought the pine would provide "Masts for the largest Ships" but it was found later to be unsuitable for masts. It proved a useful timber for other purposes however, and Lt. King exported pine to Port Jackson in October 1788. Young trees have an almost symmetrical form for the first 40 years or so. Female cones are produced on trees older than 15 years and male cones on trees older than 40 years.
The Monserrate tree is surely a European Champion, 50m tall. Planted 1852.