Monday, 8 December 2008

Diploglottis australis

Diploglottis australis
Australian Native Tamarind

This tree is growing in the Old Nursery area of Monserrate. Still a youngster. Twenty years ago it was just a single straight trunk with a tuft of leaves at the top. Since then it has flowered and fruited regularly and has now branched out a little. This habit is apparently normal for this species, even when grown in the open. See here an Australian photograph:

Photo: Robert Whyte

Found in temperate and sub-tropical rainforests as a pioneer species. East coast of Australia.
Fruit is a brown hairy capsule with 2 or 3 seeds surrounded by an orange yellow aril. The somewhat sour fruits are eaten by the green catbird and the satin bowerbird. Thomas Cargil would have been delighted. Fairylife in Fairyland has several references to Australian birds including the bowerbirds. Can also be eaten raw or sweetened in a jam or drinks.
Ailuroedus crassirostris

Fruit Photo Robert White
Referred as a foliage plant under synonym Stadmannia australis
Stadmannia australis G.Don
Don, G. (1831), A General History of Dichlamydeous Plants 1: 669 [tax. nov.]
Type: "Native of New Holland."Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1878) Sitzungsberichte der mathematisch-physikalischen Class der k. b. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu M√ľnchen 8: 278
basionym of: Diploglottis australis (G.Don) Radlk. Harden, G.J. & Johnson, L.A.S. (1986) A note on Diploglottis australis (G.Don) Radlk. Telopea 2(6): 747
Lectotype: "NEOTYPE: `on the banks of the Hastings River, at Port Macquarie', Allan Cunningham n. 14, s.d. (K, n.v.; examined by Dr Surrey Jacobs on our behalf)." CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census
basionym of: Diploglottis australis (G.Don) Radlk.

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